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News in Turkey

Turkey threatens a new military offensive on the Syrian border



Turkish President Erdogan threatened on Saturday to resume the military offensive in the border with northern Syria if the Syrian Democratic Forces do not meet the terms of the “security zone” agreed on Tuesday between Turkey and Russia.

“If the terrorists do not withdraw at the end of 150 hours – from 09:00 GMT on October 23 – we will take control and expel them,” Erdogan said in a televised speech, referring to the Kurdish militias of the Popular Protection Units, who lead the SDS.

The Turkish president promised to clean “the border zone of YPG terrorists if Russia does not fulfill its obligations under the Sochi Agreement,” a pact that stipulates that the Russian Military Police and the Syrian border guard enter the Syrian side of the border, outside the zone of Operation Manantial de Paz, to facilitate the withdrawal of the elements of the YPG and their weapons in an area of ​​30 kilometers.

After concluding that the first moment that expires on Tuesday at 3:00 p.m. GMT, the deal provides for joint patrols between Moscow and Ankara to begin east and west of the Peace Spring area, with a depth of ten kilometers, except for Qamishli.

Also, Moscow and Ankara agreed to create an agency to verify the application of the memorandum, work “to achieve a political solution” to the conflict in Syria and support the work of the constitutional committee.

However, the SDS commander, Mazlum Kobani, announced Friday that the group “has not accepted” the entire agreement of Turkey and Russia, because after the consultation and they have “reservations” regarding the content.

Erdogan, whose intention is to relocate the approximately 3.6 million refugees from that country in Turkey to a security zone in northern Syria, said he hoped the world would respect Turkish security concerns and support his project.

In this regard, he threatened the European Union, ensuring that “if the projects we have developed for the return of Syrian refugees to their country do not receive support, we will have no choice but to open our borders.”

Turkey maintains control in another region of the northeast, 120 km long, where it has its army deployed after conquering it with an offensive launched on October 9 against the YPG, which they consider a terrorist group.

On the other hand, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in a telephone conversation that took place on Saturday discussed the situation in Syria, the Russian Foreign Ministry said.

“On October 26, at the initiative of the United States, a telephone conversation took place between Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo; the situation in Syria was discussed,” the statement said.

It is noted that “Russia underlined the need to refrain from adopting measures that undermine the sovereignty and territorial integrity of this country.”

The entity added that during the telephone conversation some issues of bilateral relations were discussed.

On Tuesday, Russia and Turkey agreed to send units of the Russian military police and Syrian soldiers to the Turkish-Syrian border from October 23 to facilitate the transfer of Kurdish factions about 30 kilometers from the border line.

The withdrawal of Kurdish militias must be completed within 150 hours after noon on October 23.

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News in Turkey

Libyan Government reopens its Embassy in Syria



The reopening of the diplomatic headquarters is taking place after 8 years of being closed due to the Syrian conflict.

With the presence of the Libyan Deputy Prime Minister, Abdul Rahman Al-Ahirish, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Abdul Hadi Al-Hawaij, and the Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister, Faisal Mekdad, the Libyan diplomatic headquarters in Damascus, Syria, was reopened.

The reopening of the embassy is a sign of support from the Libyan Government in Tobruk for the management and leadership of Bachar al-Ásad at the head of Syria.

Both countries agreed to have among the priorities of their diplomatic relations, mutual cooperation in facing common problems.

Libya is facing a crisis derived from the internal confrontations that followed the aggression against the country led by the United States in 2011, which led to the overthrow of that nation’s historic leader, Muammar al-Qadhafi.

Currently, the country operates with a duality of powers, expressed in the so-called interim government, based in Tobruk (east of the country) together with the Parliament, and the appointed Government of National Unity, based in Tripoli (northwest of Libya).

Both entities have found international support, that of Tobruk by several countries from different continents and that of Tripoli by international organizations such as the UN.

Recently, the government of Tripoli signed military cooperation agreements with Turkey, an action that the Tobruk executive has denounced as illegal, because it was not ratified by Parliament, which unleashed an escalation in tensions in the country.

For their part, Syrian and Turkish troops have been fighting in recent days, in the context of the conflict in Syria. Russia is working with both governments to find a negotiated solution to the difficulties.

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News in Turkey

Chancellor of Russia and Turkey meet in Munich



Lavrov said that Moscow and Ankara are conducting negotiations with the aim of fulfilling agreements on Idlib, Syria, for the normalization of the situation in that Arab country, while Cavusoglu described the meeting with the Russian foreign minister as “positive”.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and his Turkish counterpart Mevlut Cavusoglu met Saturday on the sidelines of the Security Conference in Munich, Germany.

Lavrov said that Moscow and Ankara are conducting negotiations with the aim of fulfilling the agreements on Idlib, Syria, for the normalization of the situation in that Arab country, while Cavusoglu described the meeting with the Russian chancellor as “positive”.

“Contacts between Russia and Turkey at the level of experts, diplomats, military, security services are aimed at finding ways to implement the agreements on Idlib,” Lavrov said.

The Russian chancellor stressed that the agreements between the parties do not mean the end of “an intransigent fight against terrorist groups,” although Lavrov has stated that Turkey has not fulfilled fundamental commitments to resolve the tension in Idlib.

In this sense, Russia denounced on this day that Turkey sent 70 tanks, 200 armored cars and 80 guns to Idlib, destined, fundamentally, to supply the terrorist group Al-Nusra Front.

Likewise, the Russian chancellor informed that the next meetings will take place in the next week, while Cavusoglu pointed out that it will be announced if there will be a meeting between the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Lavrov said that there are “very good relations” with Turkey without this meaning that the parties agree on everything.

For his part the Turkish Foreign Minister stressed that “we must not allow the Syrian problem to weaken our cooperation and our relations”.

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News in Turkey

Turkey reports that 76,000 migrants crossed into Europe



However, the figure was very different from the statistics provided by Greece and independent observers who claimed that there were 13,000 migrants along the border.

More than 76,000 migrants crossed from Turkey into the European Union after the Turkish government allowed them to cross at Edirne, on the border with Bulgaria and Greece, revealed Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu.

“By 09H55 the number of migrants who left our country through Edirne reached 76,358,” Soylu posted on his Twitter account.

The new figure means that more than 29,000 people have crossed the border since 11:50pm on Saturday.

Turkish television stations have been showing since early morning how groups of refugees are travelling by bus to Edirne, the province on Turkey’s border with Greece and Bulgaria.

However, the figure differs greatly from the statistics provided by Greece and independent observers such as the International Organization for Migration (IOM), which says that there are 13,000 migrants along the border.

Around half a thousand people arrived on the islands of the eastern Aegean this Sunday, showing an increase in arrivals by sea off the Greek coast since Turkey announced last Friday that it could no longer hold refugees.

On Lesbos, one of the islands that has seen the largest number of asylum seekers in years, groups of residents this morning blocked the buses carrying the newly arrived migrants to the camp in Moria.

According to local media, groups of islanders are blocking all roads leading to the notorious refugee camp.

Greece has prevented the entry of nearly 10,000 migrants from Turkey in the past 24 hours, government sources said.

From 06:00 (04:00 GMT) on Saturday until the same time on Sunday, “9,972 entries were prevented in the Evros region,” according to a press release from the Kastanian border post in northeastern Greece.

At 2am on Sunday (00am GMT), the police and army prevented “an organized attempt by migrants to cross the border en masse”, the statement said.

According to Greek Deputy Defense Minister Alkibiadis Stefanis, some 9,972 attempts at illegal entry were prevented on Saturday night.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan linked yesterday’s decision to facilitate the passage of refugees to Greece to the lack of support from the European Union to Turkey against the regime of Damascus in Syria, after the escalation of violence between the two armies in the province of Idlib.

With his decision to open the border with Europe, President Erdogan was carrying out an old threat of allowing refugees to enter the continent.

Turkey’s decision to open its borders with Europe coincides with a military escalation in northwest Syria that has led to increasing direct confrontations between Turkish and Syrian forces.

The European Borders and Coasts Agency (Frontex) has announced the reinforcement of its personnel and equipment in Greece, in view of the situation created on the borders with Turkey and the constant increase in refugees trying to reach European territory.

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